Incluindo Cidadãos(ãs) que não 'Se Encaixam'
Sobre Algumas Contradições dos Discursos Anti-discriminação Liberais
This article analyzes inclusive dimensions of the liberal antidiscrimination tradition that is grounded in the reinforcement of civil and political liberties and in neutral public institutions, where each member of society is relevant as a rights- and duty-bearer under the umbrella of the rule of law. Drawing on our experience with the inclusion of Romani people, the largest ethnic minority group in Europe, we examine the challenges of the liberal inclusion discourse when finding its realization in hierarchically stratified European societies. Circumscribed by laissez-faire markets and politics, they let vast socio-economic inequalities and cultural stereotypes prevail practically untouched. We argue that the contradiction between these citizenship-based and market-based liberal institutions gradually corrupt the process of equalizing right-holders and results in Roma to be pushed even further to the margins of society. The inclusion policies recognize this contradiction of formal equality as they are made for those who fail ‘to fit in’ and those who do not ‘count’ yet. We point out that many Roma do not effectively experience the promise of citizenship since Roma inclusion policies do not fully grant them the status of those who have the right to have rights.